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Northern pine snake
Pituophis melanoleucus

The northern pine snake is one of the largest North American snakes—generally reaching between five and seven feet in length. The coloring of a Northern pine snake can range from white to tan to gray with dark brown or black splotches.

These snakes prefer to spend their time burrowed underground. They have a scale at the front of their snout, which protects the nose as the snake burrows. Northern pine snakes even dig their own burrows for hibernation.

To scare off predators, northern pine snakes make a loud hissing sound and 'rattle' their tails.

Northern pine snakes feed on eggs, rodents, and lizards. They particularly enjoy pocket gophers.

Mating season for the northern pine snake takes place in the spring. Females will lay a clutch of three to 24 eggs, usually in a nest they have dug under a log or rock.

Northern pine snake
© MSA 2005

Range: eastern United States
Habitat: sandy, dry, pine forests
Range Map
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