Smithsonian National Zoological Park l Friends of the National Zoo



Emerald tree boa

By MSA 2005 Map showing tropical rainforests habitats in northern South America


Class Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Boidae
Genus and species: Corallus caninus

The emerald tree boa is a brilliant green with white bands across its back, but it does not start out that way. When emerald tree boas are born—females bear live young—they are actually red or orange in color and only become green as they age.

Considered medium-size, emerald tree boas grow to about six feet in length.

Emerald tree boas are carnivorous and their diet consists of arboreal rodents, squirrels, birds, and bats.

Males reach sexual maturity earlier than females at about three to four years. Females are sexually mature by age four or five. Emerald tree boas can breed at any time of year, but breeding is most common in the winter. Females can have up to 20 young at a time. They generally give birth every other year.

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