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Oriental fire-bellied toad

By MSA 2005 Map showing temperate forests habitats in eastern Asia


Taxonomy:

Class Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Discoglossidae
Genus and species: Bombina orientalis

Oriental fire-bellied toads are green with black-spotted warts and bright red bellies. The red coloring warns would-be predators that this toad's skin is poisonous. The milky substance secreted by their skin irritates the mouth and eyes of attackers.

These toads are highly aquatic and spend the majority of their time in slow-moving streams and ponds. They hibernate in the winter, generally choosing rotting logs or leaf piles as their burrow from September to May.

Tadpoles eat algae, fungi, and plants only, but adult Oriental red-bellied toads also feast on invertebrates, particularly worms, insects, and mollusks.

Between April and August, Oriental fire-bellied toads will mate and the females will lay large clutches of eggs at a time. They deposit their eggs in the water, where they become attached to rocks or other objects.



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