Genus and Species: Neofelis nebulosa
Size: Clouded leopards usually weigh about 28 pounds and are about 36 inches long (not including the tail, which is usually 30 inches long).
Distribution and Habitat: This species of clouded leopard ranges from countries of the Himalayas, southern China, and Taiwan to peninsula Malaysia. In 2006, scientists determined that the clouded leopards living on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo are a distinct species, Neofelis diardi. See Clouded Leopard Times Two.
Diet: The clouded leopard’s diet includes birds, primates, wild boars, deer, porcupine, and domestic livestock.
Reproduction: Litters of two to five young are born after a gestation of 86 to 93 days. Young suckle for five months, and males usually develop faster than females.
Conservation: Clouded leopards are threatened by a high demand for their attractive pelts, which have ceremonial meaning in Taiwan. Due to the reclusive nature of the clouded leopard, it is difficult to assess how many remain in the wild, but they are highly endangered in some area, and only relatively stable in others. Deforestation, habitat destruction of habitat, and poaching are major concerns for the future of the clouded leopard.