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Tiger Action Plans

Bangladesh Tiger Action Plan Bangladesh The Sundarbans in Bangladesh has one of the densest populations of tigers in Asia. They number 300 to 500 in the coastal region. Bangladesh's Tiger Action Plan focuses on keeping that population secure through five different avenues. In order to keep tigers safe and increase their numbers they need protection from wildlife officials, the government of Bangladesh, and local communities. Read More
   
Bhutan Tiger Recovery Plan Bhutan– This tiger recovery plan adopted, in 2005, lays out what Bhutan is doing to start its tiger population on the road to recovery. By 2015 Bhutan hopes to have better data on its tigers and a larger tiger population. It will capitalize on protected forests, which cover 35 percent of the country, and connect its tiger ranges. In order to reach its projected goals, Bhutan has chosen to concentrate on conservation of tigers and their prey, habitat conservation, human-wildlife conflict management and education. Read More
   
Cambodia Tiger Recovery Plan Cambodia This tiger recovery plan, published in 2002, highlights the dire status of tigers in Cambodia. The report by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) identifies steps that need to be taken for Cambodia to support a healthy tiger population. They include a need for more trained staff in conservation practices, more reliable data on tigers, and more Khmer language publications on tiger conservation. Surveys showed that a majority of tiger populations were so small in Cambodia that they would not be able to rebound. The situation in Cambodia warranted immediate action that needed to be implemented even before a tiger recovery plan could be completed. Read More
   
China Tiger Action Plan China China is home to the South China tiger, which is the subspecies most at risk of extinction next — if it has not gone extinct already. In 1992 20 to 30 tigers was all that remained in the wild. Actions were effectively taken to halt the degradation of their habitat and to severely prohibit any illegal hunting. The South China tiger was already critically endangered when those actions were taken and they alone will not be enough to save the species. In addition to already existing strict laws against hunting tigers (penalties for which include a jail sentence) and a ban on the use of any tiger products/parts several more important steps need to be taken quickly. This includes coordinating with other tiger-range countries, collecting more data on tigers, researching tiger behavior and ecology, educating the public about the plight of tigers, and allocating more money and manpower to the protection of tigers. Read More
   
India Tiger Recovery Plan India The Indian government, prompted by the disappearance of tigers from a former tiger habitat in Sariska, in 2005 outlined the steps it needs to take and problems it needs to resolve to prevent the disappearance of tigers from more areas. The protection system for tigers is a major concern because it does not function effectively, and tiger-human conflict is a problem, and the already designated protected areas for tigers are not sufficient. Tigers need to be protected throughout the country, even in undesignated areas. The illegal trade of tiger parts must stop. The relocation of people living in tiger areas is not always feasible, so it will be necessary for the government to explore options that will encourage a safe cohabitation of people and tigers. Finally, conservation efforts must also double as economic opportunities, without compromising tigers even further. Read More
   
Indonesia Tiger Recovery Plan Indonesia This plan outlines the actions Indonesia will take to save its last remaining Sumatran tiger populations. The plan focuses on tigers in nine landscapes and hopes to double their numbers by 2022. The effort will require specialized wildlife law enforcement officers to protect tigers against poaching, and effectively track them using the latest technology. A focus will also be made to reduce tiger-human conflicts and predation of livestock by tigers. Tiger habitats located outside of protected areas will need legal protection. Domestic and international funding will be needed to fully implement the recovery plan. Read More
   
Lao PDR Tiger Action Plan Lao PDR - This tiger action plan outlines what tigers would require before their populations could be rehabilitated in Loa PDR. They would need large habitats filled with biodiversity, especially prey. One tiger needs as many as 500 deer in its habitat to eat enough to remain healthy. The plan also identifies tiger habitats and potential tiger habitats. However, the biggest challenged for Lao PDR will be to increase the number of tiger habitats with tigers. Currently, only one protected area has a confirmed population of tigers. Lao PDR will be working to increase the number of tigers across the country as opposed to just one area. Read More
   
Malaysia Tiger Recovery Plan Malaysia This bilingual plan from 2008 combines existing policies and policies that will be adopted to save the tiger into a comprehensive and amendable document that will guide Malaysia in its conservation efforts. Some of the major goals include identifying and establishing ecological corridors, which will help connect protected areas; managing land in a way that complements conservation; and collecting enough baseline data to determine if the country’s actions are having a positive effect on the tiger population. This initial action plan is flexible and will be amended as needed to address conservation needs. Read More
   
Myanmar Tiger Recovery Plan Myanmar Myanmar’s tiger action plan sets realistic goals to save its population of tigers while acknowledging that it will never be able to bring the population back to the level it was at the beginning of the 20th century. Tigers are not found in all areas that would be ideal homes for them, and their numbers are few in many suitable habitats. The success of tigers depends on the availability of prey and habitat. Myanmar plans to identify sites with breeding females and expanding those sites. It has also acknowledged that in order to help the global population of tigers, it must cooperate with other tiger-range countries, and educate the public about tigers. Myanmar is also making a major internal change by defining the responsibilities of wildlife officials. Read More
   
Nepal Tiger Recovery Plan Nepal Nepal has published two tiger recovery plans. The first, from 1998, emphasizes the need for better data on the tiger population, helping tigers living outside of protected areas, educating the public, cracking down on illegal poaching, and garnering international support and cooperation for conservation. The second plan, from 2007, details the major threats to tigers and ways that Nepal plans to mitigate them. Many of them are the same or similar to those listed in 1998, with a few exceptions. The plan has more specific financial terms for the efforts to protect tigers. The main areas of concern are tiger and prey data, habitat management, conflicts resolution, anti-poaching and anti-trafficking operations, and transboundary cooperation.
   
Russia Tiger Action Plan Russia Russia is home to the largest-sized species of tiger: Amur (Siberian) tiger. The Siberian tiger is now only found along the far-eastern border of the country, but its actual numbers are unknown. The challenge for Russia will be to identify all suitable tiger habitat and connect it to others. The tigers must have the additional protection of law enforcement officials stationed throughout the network of suitable habitat. The financial burden of interconnecting tiger habitats cannot fall solely on the state, because a solely state-funded recovery plan would risk losing public support. Russia has some legislative precedents that will make declaring new protected habitats easier. The recovery plan is also designed to encourage economic growth while conserving tigers and their habitat. If protected areas are managed correctly they can also be used for other activities, but a core well-protected area must remain undisturbed for tigers. Read More
   
Thailand Tiger Recovery Plan Thailand This recovery plan focuses on saving the remaining 14 tiger populations in Thailand, many of which live within the Tinasserin mountain range bordering Myanmar. The biggest challenge in saving tigers will be changing the public perception of tigers. The majority of Thai people think that tigers no longer exist in the country. The other remaining challenges are connecting fragmented ranges, stopping poaching and making conservation an attractive professional field. The recovery plan highlighted that wildlife officials are sometimes underpaid for “dangerous and demanding work.” In order to help wildlife officials do their jobs more easily they need access to the latest technology for tracking tigers. Read More