Bird Friendly® from the Galapagos Island of San Cristobal
The staff of the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center (SMBC) is happy to announce that one of the latest origins to join the Bird Friendly® (BF) program hails from the Galapagos Islands, an important site in the history of science. It was in the Galapagos, of course, that Charles Darwin observed a number of finch species, studies that later helped him develop his ideas and theories on the role of natural selection and evolution.
Known as "Hacienda El Cafetal", this farm's certification as BF links the coffee, our research staff, and the consumers who drink it with the site where one of history's giant thinkers made tremendous contributions to science.
The farm in question lies nestled on the island of San Cristobal, with nearly 300 hectares of coffee certified as Bird Friendly®. From a history written about the farm, here's what the farm owners have to say about its location:
"San Cristobal, one of the largest islands and capital of the province that constitutes the Galapagos Archipelago, is the only one that enjoys an abundance of fresh spring water. Small rivers fed by the "El Junco", a volcanic crater lake, which lies 1,350 feet above sea level, flow gently down the rocky slopes on the island's sun drenched southern side. This mineral rich spring water keeps the rich volcanic soil moist and fertile, bringing life to the island. The misty interior and cold Humboldt Current enhance the floristic diversity of this unique island."
More details about the plantation
History of "Galapagos Coffee" - The Plantation
On February 12th 1832 Colonel Ignacio Hernandez took possession of the Galapagos Islands in the name of the Ecuadorean Government. These rocky islands, where Charles Darwin studied, attracted numerous scientists, naturalist and other adventures over the years, including Herman Melville, who wrote "The Enchanted Islands" and "Moby Dick".
San Cristóbal, one of the largest islands and capital of the province that constitutes the Galapagos Archipelago, is the only one that enjoys an abundance of fresh spring water. Small rivers fed by the "El Junco," a volcanic crater lake which lies 1,350 feet above sea level, flow down the rocky slopes on the island's sun-drenched southern side. This mineral-rich spring water keeps the volcanic soil moist and fertile, bringing life to the island. The misty interior and cold Humboldt Current enhance the vegetal diversity of this unique island.
In 1867, don Manuel J. Cobos, the first owner of the island, decided to try growing coffee on his land. . Embarking on his new venture with youthful enthusiasm , he imported coffee seeds from the "old continent." Not satisfied with just any coffee, don Manuel settled on the Arabica Bourbon type as being the closest to his ideal of good coffee.
In 1875, he planted 100 hectares of Arabica Bourbon coffee on the Hacienda "El Cafetal," on San Cristobal Island. The plantation sits between 450 and 1200 feet above sea level, which is the microclimate equivalent of 1,350 to 3,600 feet above sea level on the mainland. This elevation is ideally suited for the growth of strictly hard bean, good acidity coffee. It was the key to high level of quality that formed the foundation of the enterprise that entered the world's coffee trade as "Empresa Agrícola Pecuaria"
As times changed and the world's coffee industry evolved toward high volume sales, , the small, quality-conscious coffee plantation on San Cristobal fell on hard times and was eventually abandoned as unprofitable.
By 1990, the Gonzalez-Duche family purchased Hacienda "El Cafetal." Intrigued with the Hacienda's history and recognizing the unique opportunity the micro climates created by the Humboldt Current, the intense equatorial sun and the dramatic climate change that occurs as the altitude increases (110 degrees at sea level desert soil, and 50 to 60 degrees at 900 feet with richest fertile soil) created, the Gonzalez family recovered the plantation.
The Galapagos Islands are a national park, which UNESCO has declared a "Patrimony of Humanity." As a result, international and local laws strictly prohibit the importation or use of fertilizer, herbicides, pesticides, or any other chemicals.
The Galapagos Coffee Plantation has the Organic Crop Improvement Association certification (OCIA) as Organic Shade Grown and the certification of the US National Organic Program. Added to the island's unique climate this creates an organically-grown coffee that is truly special in its presentation, aroma, body, and cup. This coffee is a jewel of gourmet coffee perfection with exceptional bouquet and fine taste. Annual production of this rarity amounts to about 4,000 bags and 1,000 bags of natural unwashed coffee.
Fact Sheet on Genuine Organic Galapagos Gourmet Coffee
|Location:||San Cristobal Island in Galapagos Archipelago of Ecuador|
|Altitude:||450-1200 feet above sea level(Equivalent to 1,350 - 3,600 feet of the mainland)|
|Plantation Size:||400 Has, 300 in full production|
|Botanical Type:||Arabica-Bourbon (same trees planted 130 years ago and still in production!)|
|Crop Size:||5,000 bags per year|
|Harvest Time:||Main crop Dec - March|
|Screen Size:||15+, 16+, 17+, 18+, 20+|
|Bag Size:||Special Gourmet printed 46 Kls. (Jute or Sisal)|
|Preparation:||70% Washed, 30% Natural|
|Cup Quality:||Intense aroma, excellent body, good acidity, very fine flavor|
|Chemicals:||None, 100% organic|
|Certification:||Organic, Shade Grow, and Bird Friendly by OCIA Origin Certification|
|Oddities:||Grown in an ecological sanctuary, declared by UNESCO "Patrimony of Humanity.".|
For more information on this exceptional organic and sustainable coffee, contact us.
PROCAFE S A
Attn Mr Wilson González or Miss Alexandra Morla.
E mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
While the absolute elevation of the coffee ranges just under 500 meters above sea level, the microclimatic effects of the cold ocean currents mimic an equivalent elevation of 1200 to 1300 meters according to the farm staff. The type of coffee grown on the farm is bourbon, one of coffee's more treasured heirloom varieties, highly prized for its flavor complexities.
SMBC is delighted to have this new producer involved with the BF program and looks forward to a long relationship that will help safeguard habitat, benefit the various parties involved, and protect birds through this linking of good land stewardship to the marketplace.
Contact information for this farm:
Contact: Alejandro Morla Km. 4 Autopista Duran
Biloche, Guayas, Ecuador [Email]
- Mexican Mammal Study in Coffee Farms (3/24/14)
- Mexican Mammal Study in Coffee Farms (3/12/14)
- Coffee Workshop in Peru
- Mexican Mammal Study in Coffee Farms (2/24/14)
- Mexican Mammal Study in Coffee Farms (2/19/14)
- Warblers Aid Coffee Farmers (2/11/14)
- Mexican Mammal Study in Coffee Farms (2/4/14)
- Bird-friendly Coffee Farms Produce Delicious Brews and Food for Birds Too! (1/29/14)
- Mexican Mammal Study in Coffee Farms (1/18/14)
- Mexican Mammal Study in Coffee Farms (1/16/14)
- Bird Friendly Royalty Cycling for Research
- Bird Friendly Coffee Takes Flight in Maryland
- Possible Bird Friendly Coffee in Ecuador
- Cornell Blogs Bird Friendly Coffee
- Bird Friendly Coffee Now in Whole Foods Stores
- Finca Spirit Mountain: First Bird Friendly Farm in the Dominican Republic
- Update on Bird Friendly Coffee Market
- Bird Friendly Farmers Near the El Triunfo Reserve in Chiapas
- Successful Trip to Cuba
- Bird Friendly Coffee Surpasses 10 Million Pounds
- Summer Tanager in Honduran Coffee Farm
- Stingless Bees at a Honduran Coffee Farm
- Can “Robusta” Coffee Be Bird Friendly?
- Jim's Organic Coffee Joins Bird Friendly Program
- AOU Recommends Bird Friendly Coffee
- Bird Friendly Brew
- Bird Friendly Coffee at AZA Conference
- Bird Friendly Coffee Volume Climbing
- Finca Nueva Armenia
- New Coffee Farms Certified
- Shade Coffee Evaluation Workshop in Peru
- Fruit Production in Shade Grown Coffee Farms
- Bird Friendly® Coffee Now Served Along Florida Turnpike
- Coffee Funds Support Research
- Coffee Radio Interviews
- Bird Friendly® Workshop for Organic Inspectors in Chiapas, Mexico
- Bird Friendly Coffee in Smithsonian Museum Cafes
- Birds and Beans Launches New Packaging for Peruvian Bird Friendly Coffee
- Fruit Trees Help Ensure Tropical Birds' Future on Coffee Plantations
- National Zoo Features Bird Friendly® Coffee from El Salvador
- Birds and Beans Roasters
- Kaldi Coffee Farm Creates a Canned Bird Friendly® Coffee
- Bird Friendly® Coffee in a Carto-Can
- Bird Friendly Coffee in Europe
- Shade Grown Coffee Keeps Coffee Berry Borer at Bay
- Epiphytes Important for Biodiversity
- Bird Friendly® Coffee: Back to Origin
- New Guatemalan Cooperative
- Latte Art Award
- Barista Competition in Japan
- Ecuador's PROCAFEQ
- Bird Friendly Coffee in Japan
- El Salvador's Bird Friendly® Farms
- New Importer Joins Program
- Birds, Bugs, and Agroforestry
- Rustic Coffee Best for Birds and Ants
- Shaded Coffee Farms Provide Secondary Income for Farmers: Wood
- Effect of Epiphyte Removal on Common Bush-Tanagers and Golden-crowned Warblers
- Bird Friendly® Colombian Goes to Japan
- Bird Friendly® in Coffee's Center of Origin
- Sustainable Coffee Symposium in Japan
- Coffee Research in Sumatra
- Bird Friendly in D.C.
- Northwest Shade Coalition
- Coffee Farms in Chiapas, Mexico
- Ogawa Coffee Takes Bird Friendly® to Eco-Products 2006 in Tokyo
- Coffee in Sumatra
- Camel Coffee Launches Bird Friendly® in Japan
- Residents Versus Migrants in a Shade Coffee Farm
- Coffee Workshop in Peru
- A New Importer of Bird Friendly Coffee
- Ants Bother Birds in Coffee Plantation
- Birds and Ants as Insect Predators in Coffee Farms
- Epiphytes, Birds, and Coffee: More Tropical Connections
- Coffee Overproduction: An Opportunity for Biodiversity Conservation
- Organic and Fair Trade Certifications Emerging in the Coffee Market
- Birds Keep Coffee Farms Pest-free
- Coffee: Traditional vs. Technified
- History of Coffee in Chiapas, Mexico
- Birds of Coffee Farms in Guatemala
- Birds of Coffee Farms in Chiapas, Mexico
- Yellow Warbler: Bully of Sun Coffee
- Coffee Farms Role in Conserving Biodiversity
- Why Migratory Birds are Crazy for Coffee