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Contrasting drastically with coffee covered by little or no shade, we find many examples of shade coffee. Such systems are essentially artificial forests devoted to coffee production. They are what are known as agroforestry systems.
The hillside in this image is quite steep. The forest cover provided by the shade coffee system upslope from the road greatly aids in soil protection. The sun coffee farm downslope from the road exposes the fragile mountain soil to wind and rain erosion.