Rustic Coffee Best for Birds and Ants
January 1, 2008 by Gregory Gough
Coffee shrubs grown under a canopy of native trees is called rustic coffee. This method of growing coffee is the best for preserving biodiversity, as measured with species of birds, ants, and trees, and is similar to the biodiversity found in natural forests.
Shade grown coffee farm
Coffee can be grown under more intensive management, from planted shade trees of a particular species; to sun coffee, coffee grown without any shade. As the management of a coffee farm increases, the biodiversity decreases.
Birds and ants that specialize in living in forests are the most affected by coffee farm intensification.
This article summarizes the information in this scientific paper:
Philpott, Stacy M., Arendt, Wayne J., Armbrecht, Inge, Bichier, Peter, Diestch, Thomas V., Gordon, Caleb, Greenberg, Russell S., Perfecto, Ivette, Reynoso-Santos, Roberto, Soto-Pinto, Lorena, Tejeda-Cruz, Cesar, Williams-Linera, Guadalupe, Valenzuela, Jorge and Zolotoff, Jose Manuel 2008. Biodiversity Loss in Latin American Coffee Landscapes: Review of the Evidence on Ants, Birds, and Trees. Conservation Biology, 22(5): 1093-1105.
- Connecting sustainable agriculture and wildlife conservation: Does shade coffee provide habitat for mammals?
- Conserving Biodiversity Through Certification of Tropical Agroforestry Crops at Local and Landscape Scales
- Shade Coffee: Update on a Disappearing Refuge for Biodiversity
- Fruit Production in Shade Grown Coffee Farms
- Fruit Trees Help Ensure Tropical Birds' Future on Coffee Plantations
- Epiphytes Important for Biodiversity
- Shade Grown Coffee Keeps Coffee Berry Borer at Bay
- Birds, Bugs, and Agroforestry
- Effect of Epiphyte Removal on Common Bush-Tanagers and Golden-crowned Warblers
- Shaded Coffee Farms Provide Secondary Income for Farmers: Wood