Rustic Coffee Best for Birds and Ants

January 1, 2008 by Gregory Gough

Coffee shrubs grown under a canopy of native trees is called rustic coffee. This method of growing coffee is the best for preserving biodiversity, as measured with species of birds, ants, and trees, and is similar to the biodiversity found in natural forests.


Shade grown coffee farm

Coffee can be grown under more intensive management, from planted shade trees of a particular species; to sun coffee, coffee grown without any shade. As the management of a coffee farm increases, the biodiversity decreases.

Birds and ants that specialize in living in forests are the most affected by coffee farm intensification.

This article summarizes the information in this scientific paper:

Philpott, Stacy M., Arendt, Wayne J., Armbrecht, Inge, Bichier, Peter, Diestch, Thomas V., Gordon, Caleb, Greenberg, Russell S., Perfecto, Ivette, Reynoso-Santos, Roberto, Soto-Pinto, Lorena, Tejeda-Cruz, Cesar, Williams-Linera, Guadalupe, Valenzuela, Jorge and Zolotoff, Jose Manuel 2008. Biodiversity Loss in Latin American Coffee Landscapes: Review of the Evidence on Ants, Birds, and Trees. Conservation Biology, 22(5): 1093-1105.

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