Today, African penguins are endangered. Some 120 years ago, more than 3 million African penguins lived in the wild but now only around 40,000 remain. Over the years, these enchanting birds faced a wide variety of threats. Some of these threats are regulated now, but others continue.
One of the best ways to help penguins is to watch what seafood you eat! Fisheries often catch fish close to land, where penguins hunt. The penguins are then pushed to fish further out. This can cause them to not have enough food to feed their chicks by the time they get back to land.
Another issue is which fish the fisheries catch. Many people like to catch and eat the big fish. However, big fish are often also the breeding fish! If too many breeding fish are caught before they can breed, the overall fish population declines.
To ensure that you only consume fish from sustainable fisheries, be aware of how your seafood was caught. You can check out Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch
to help make informed decisions.