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Northern Luzon Giant Cloud Rat

Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Muridae
Genus and Species: Phloeomys pallidus
  • A northern Luzon giant cloud rat, a large rodent with thick fur, stands on mulch between large rocks
  • A northern Luzon giant cloud rat, a large rodent with thick fur, climbs on a tree branch
  • A northern Luzon cloud rat with thick fur, long whiskers, small ears and a small nose, perched in a tree
  • A cloud rat climbs over a branch. It has thick fur, long whiskers and long fingers with sharp claws
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Northern Luzon giant cloud rats are timid, forest-dwelling animals with a coat of long, rough fur. They are endemic to the island of Luzon in the Philippines.
Physical Description

These timid, forest-dwelling animals have long, rough fur. Most of their coats are a combination of white to pale gray fur with dark brown or black markings on the face and body.

They have small ears, long whiskers and a densely furred tail. Their large hind feet and long claws make them excellent climbers.

Size
The cloud rat's body length ranges from 27-30 inches (69-76 centimeters), and their tail ranges from 11-12.5 inches (28-32 centimeters). 
Native Habitat
This species is endemic to the island of Luzon in the Philippines, where it is found in the northern and central provinces. Giant cloud rats are primarily tree-dwelling, spending most of their time high in the branches. They can sometimes be seen moving slowly along the forest floor searching for food.
Food/Eating Habits
The northern Luzon giant cloud rat's diet in the wild is not well known but may include young leaves, fruit and crops. At the Smithsonian's National Zoo, they eat rodent pellets, greens, vegetables and nuts.
Reproduction and Development

Most information about northern Luzon giant cloud rat reproduction comes from animals in human care. Births have been recorded every month of the year, except January, March and May.

Cloud rats give birth to one young each year, which is typically birthed in the hollow of a tree or a hole in the ground. The mother carries her young firmly attached to a nipple.

Lifespan
The oldest known cloud rat in human care lived to be 13 years old.

Although giant cloud rats are widespread and locally abundant, population stability is threatened by the destruction of forest habitats and hunting for food.

This species is legally protected from hunting, except by indigenous people using traditional hunting methods. Giant cloud rats are found in several national parks and other local protected areas.

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