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Timor python

Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Pythonidae
Genus and Species: Python timoriensis
  • Head of a mostly yellow snake with brownish blotches
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Timor python

An extremely active snake, Timor pythons are large snakes native to the southeastern islands of Indonesia—though interestingly not the island of Timor.

Physical Description

Timor pythons are greenish brown in color with a dark brown pattern from their heads down to about mid-body at which point the pattern disappears and they become completely brown. Their skin can have an iridescent appearance. Timor pythons are considered one of the most nervous and high strung of the pythons.


Adult pythons average between 5 and 8 feet long ( 1.5 to 2.4 meters) with females being slightly larger than males. These snakes can weigh up to 20 pounds (9 kilograms).

Native Habitat

Timor pythons are found in the Southeastern Islands of Indonesiaspecifically the Lesser Sunda Islands which include Lombien, Flores, and Timoralthough it is interesting to note that despite its name, this species has never been recorded as being found on the island of Timor. Timor pythons live in open forests and grasslands.

Food/Eating Habits

Timor pythons have a very high metabolism to support their active lifestyles. In the wild, they eat small reptiles, birds, mice and rats.

At the Smithsonian's National Zoo, Timor pythons are fed mice when young and rats when they reach adulthood.

Reproduction and Development

Timor pythons become sexually mature at about 4 years of age. Females lay about five eggs, which like other python species they arrange into a pile and coil around the eggs while they incubate. They help regulate the temperature of their eggs through small movements or "shivers." The incubation period is between nine to 10 weeks.


Timor pythons have been known to live over 20 years.

Timor pythons have not been assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. This species is listed as a Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Appendix II species, threatened but not endangered. This is due primarily to human population growth and demands on natural habitat.