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William J. McShea, Ph.D.

Wildlife Ecologist
B.S., Bucknell University; M.S., University of New Hampshire; Ph.D., State University of New York at Binghamton
Bill McShea originally studied small mammal population ecology, but has expanded his scope of species and topics over the years. His current focus is on informing management of wildlife and forests. A good part of his time and effort is in Asia, both supporting conservation efforts on forest mammals and mentoring young professionals to use science to reduce human-wildlife conflicts.
McShea’s first focus at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) was the role of white-tailed deer in shaping plant and wildlife populations that share eastern deciduous forests. This work expanded to look at interaction between deer and invasive plant species and disease transmission. The focus on deer lead McShea to become the co-chairman of the International Union for Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) Deer Specialist Group, which is responsible for setting Red List status for all deer species. In addition to deer, McShea works with Chinese colleagues to conserve large mammals such as giant pandas, takin and Asiatic black bears in bamboo forests of China.
McShea received a Bachelor of Science in animal behavior from Bucknell University in 1977, a Master of Science zoology from University of New Hampshire in 1981, and a doctorate in biological sciences from the State University of New York in Binghamton in 1985. After a postdoctoral position at Cornell University, McShea came to the Front Royal facility in 1986 as a Smithsonian Postdoctoral Fellow. He has mentored more than 30 graduate students and 100 interns during his time at SCBI. He has also collaborated with most scientists within the centers and has co-authored papers with 24 different researchers at the Smithsonian.
McShea is passionate about wild animals in wild places. His travels and work around the world have impressed on him the dedication of conservation staff and scientists in the developing world. To save the last wild animals and places will take all our science skills and expertise, as well as compassion for the people living with wildlife.
Recent Publications: 
Card, Leah R., McShea, William J., Fleischer, Robert C., Maldonado, Jesús E., Stewardson, Kristin, Campana, Michael G., Jansen, Patrick A. and Calabrese, Justin M. 2019. Tick Burdens in a Small-Mammal Community in Virginia. Northeastern Naturalist, 641-655. https://doi.org/10.1656/045.026.0317
Chu, Chengjin, Lutz, James A., Kral, Kamil, Vrska, Tomas, Yin, Xue, Myers, Jonathan A., Abiem, Iveren, Alonso, Alfonso, Bourg, Norm, Burslem, David F. R. P., Cao, Min, Chapman, Hazel, Condit, Richard S., Fang, Suqin, Fischer, Gunter A., Gao, Lianming, Hao, Zhanqin, Hau, Billy C. H., He, Qing, Hector, Andrew, Hubbell, Stephen P., Jiang, Mingxi, Jin, Guangze, Kenfack, David, Lai, Jiangshan, et al. 2019. Direct and indirect effects of climate on richness drive the latitudinal diversity gradient in forest trees. Ecology Letters, 245-255. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13175
Fung, Tak, Chisholm, Ryan A., Anderson‐Teixeira, Kristina, Bourg, Norm, Brockelman, Warren Y., Bunyavejchewin, Sarayudh, Chang‐Yang, Chia-Hao, Chitra‐Tarak, Rutuja, Chuyong, George, Condit, Richard, Dattaraja, Handanakere S., Davies, Stuart J., Ewango, Corneille E. N., Fewless, Gary, Fletcher, Christine, Gunatilleke, C. V. S., Gunatilleke, I. A. U. N., Hao, Zhanqing, Hogan, J. A., Howe, Robert, Hsieh, Chang-Fu, Kenfack, David, Lin, YiChing, Ma, Keping, Makana, Jean-Remy, et al. 2019. Temporal population variability in local forest communities has mixed effects on tree species richness across a latitudinal gradient. Ecology Letters, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13412

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